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5 Core Principles of Reggio Emilia Inspired Teaching

1)  All children are competent, curious, and creative 

  • At the very core of the Reggio Approach is the concept of wonder. 

  • Children are natural scientists; driven by curiosity, with tremendous observational skills and an ability to form strong theories about the world around them. 

  • A child’s creative expression (especially in preliterate stages) is their way of communicating what they understand about the world around them.


2) Essential learning takes place within a system of relationships 

  • When children share their wonder with other children, their parents, or teachers, they engage in a richer and deeper learning process. 

  • Skills: social-emotional, collaboration, language, trust, and connection with others


3) Children’s questions and interests are a foundation for learning experiences

  • Collaborative wonder and the sharing of ideas plants the seeds for the class curriculum.

  • Co-constructed curriculum – Ideas are generated by the children and then given structure and purpose by the teacher.


4) Children express themselves through many languages

  • All forms of expression are valued: visual, verbal, written, movement and music.

  • Children develop expressive competence and self-confidence.


5) Documentation allows children and adults to remember and reflect on learning experiences

  • Throughout the learning process, teachers document the children’s experience through photographs, note-taking, child language, and through artifacts the children make themselves. It is compiled and shared with the focus on process, rather than product.

  • Documentation gives children, their parents, and teachers a shared language and understanding for the children’s learning process. 

  • Illustrates to children that their work and ideas have great value. 

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